Composing Music: Guide And Tips For Beginners (2024)

Composing Music For Beginners: Guide And Tips
Guide and tips for beginners on the best way to learn the process of composition.

Composing music is a deeply rewarding experience that allows you to express yourself, tell stories, and connect with others through the universal language of music.

I’ve built a life-long career as a composer and truly enjoy being able to funnel my creative energy and focus into this amazing job every day.


  • Learn the fundamentals of music theory to build a strong foundation in composing
  • Experiment with various styles and arrangements to discover your unique voice
  • Seek feedback and collaborate with others to refine your skills and share your own compositions

Whether you’re a seasoned musician or a complete beginner, understanding the fundamentals of music composition is the key. If you’re determined enough, it can absolutely lead to a full-time career. But it will take an incredible amount of drive, grit, and determination.

To start composing your own music, it’s essential to learn basic music theory concepts; scales, chords, melody, and harmony.

Exploring various musical styles and finding your unique voice will also contribute to your growth as a composer.

As you gain experience, you should experiment with different arrangements and instrumentation, ultimately shaping your composition to resonate with your intended audience and creating your own sound and style.

Composing Music: The Process

Learning how to compose music is a process that takes time and consistency.

You already have a lifetime of listening experiences to draw from. These experiences will contribute to your background knowledge and overall view of where your music could fit in. You’ll be amazed at how much you already know! It’s a great base for learning and growth.

Having a solid foundation in music theory is essential.

Now, let’s talk about the building blocks of music composition. Here are the key elements you should focus on:

Number one


A motif is a short musical idea that serves as the foundation for a composition. It can be a melody, rhythm, or chord progression.

Number two


Learn to create chords that complement your melody and understand how different chord progressions can evoke various emotions.

Number three


Explore various rhythmic patterns to give your composition a unique pulse, providing forward momentum and establishing the underlying groove.

Number four


Organize your composition into sections, such as verse, chorus, and bridge, to create a cohesive musical journey.

The creative process is different for everyone and varies depending on your approach. You might start with a melody in mind, or the initial spark could come from a chord progression or rhythmic pattern.

It’s important to embrace the trial and error process, experimenting with different musical ideas until you find the ones that resonate.

Getting Started In Music Composition

This video shows a great place to start on the creative flow of composing music.

Finding Your Starting Point

Explore various elements of music: rhythm, melody, and harmony. Try experimenting with different instruments or using your voice to compose simple melodies, whichever feels most comfortable. This first step is the key to tapping into your creativity, so don’t be afraid to take risks and have fun!

Simple Exercises To Get You Started

Composing Music: Chord Progressions

Chord Progressions

Experiment with chord progressions if you play a harmonic instrument like the piano. Start with a basic progression like I-IV-V-I and then explore more complex patterns.

Composing Music: Melodic Phrases

Melodic Phrases

For those who play a melodic instrument, create short 3-5 note tunes. These can be based on a specific scale to maintain coherence or you can make up your own melody.

Composing Music: Rhytmic Patterns

Rhythmic Patterns

Develop basic rhythmic patterns using clapping, tapping, or playing an instrument. Combine these rhythms with melodic phrases and chord progressions to create unique musical ideas.

Composition Exercises to Expand Your Creativity

Once you’ve practiced the simple exercises, it’s time to dive deeper into composition:

Number one

Limit your material

Choose just three sounds to work with, such as high, low, or somewhere in between—experiment by layering these sounds to create exciting combinations.

Number two

Chord-based compositions

Pick a chord and generate new material by elaborating, inverting, or changing its harmonic rhythm.

Number three

Create your own mode or scale

Invent a unique scale or mode and use its notes to form the foundation of your melody.

stay patient, persistent, and open-minded. Following these exercises and relying on your creativity, you’ll grow as a composer and develop your unique musical voice.

Important Aspects of Music Composition

Melody Composition

Focusing on the melody is a great starting point for a musical composition. 

Describing melody technically may sound harsh: Melody is a sequential arrangement of notes that forms a recognizable tune. But how you come up with that sequential arrangement of notes is what matters. If you’re tapping into your creativity to create it, then you’re on the right path.

melodic motif or idea should be developed to create an original melody that acts as the central theme of your composition.

To achieve this, try experimenting with different note patterns and phrases until you find something that resonates with you. 

An effective melody should be memorable and evocative, so let your creativity flow and trust your instincts.

Composing Harmonies

In addition to melody, harmonies play a significant role in enhancing and supporting your composition. Harmony is the combination of multiple notes played simultaneously, often in the form of chords. Harmonies help to support your melody by enriching the overall sound and adding depth to your pieces of music.

To effectively create harmonies, you should become familiar with common chord progressions. Here’s a brief list of popular chord progressions you can start with:

  1. I–IV–V
  2. ii–V–I
  3. I–V–vi–IV

Experiment with these progressions and others to find the right chord changes for your composition. Pay close attention to the balance between major and minor chords, as this can significantly impact the mood and emotion of your piece.

Time Signatures and Rhythms

Another vital aspect of music composition is the rhythm, which is heavily influenced by your choice of time signatures. Time signatures indicate how many beats are in a measure and which note value represents one beat. Some common time signatures include 4/4, 3/4, and 6/8.

Incorporating diverse time signatures and rhythms in your composition can help build an engaging and dynamic sound. To construct a solid rhythmic foundation, you can create bass lines that support the melody and harmonies, providing structure and drive to the piece.

Effective music compositions rely on a solid understanding of melody, harmony, and rhythm. By honing your skills in these three areas, you will be on your way to creating captivating and memorable music works.

Genre Specialization

The next step is choosing the genre you want to specialize, whether it’s composing for a string quartet, or working on comtemporary music.

Classical Music Composition

When composing classical music, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the different styles and periods, such as Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Impressionism. Studying great composers like Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven can help you understand the intricacies and nuances of their respective genres. 

Contemporary and Popular Music Composition

Venturing into contemporary and popular music composition requires a solid grasp of modern music styles, from pop and rock to hip-hop and electronic dance music. Embrace the vast array of musical influences in today’s diverse music landscape. Develop your own signature sound by experimenting with new instruments, technology, and production techniques. Don’t forget to stay updated on the latest trends and listen to popular music charts regularly.

Composing for Video Games

Composing music for video games can be an exciting and fulfilling career. Video game musical scores often feature classical, contemporary, and electronic music styles. To make your musical compositions stand out, consider how the music will work with the game’s visuals, story, and gameplay. 

It is crucial to understand the emotional impact your music should have on the player and how it can enhance their gaming experience. Immersing yourself in various video game soundtracks can be a great way to learn from successful composers in the industry.

Composing Music for Films

Film scoring offers a rewarding opportunity to compose music that complements and elevates storytelling on the big screen. One great example is Hans Zimmer, a prolific and renowned music composer worth studying. Film scores can range from grand orchestral arrangements in blockbuster movies to minimalist compositions in independent and student films. 

To excel in this field, developing the ability to collaborate with filmmakers and understand the nuances of different film genres is vital. As you work on your film score, consider how your music can evoke emotions, build tension, and support the narrative.

Refining Your Skills

It’s a common mistake to keep writing new music without seeking out feedback.

Becoming a better composer is an ongoing process that involves a blend of practice, ear training, formal education, and expanding your overall musical knowledge. To refine your skills, consider implementing the following steps:


Listen to various music genres, even those you may not typically enjoy. This can expand your understanding of different musical styles and inspire you uniquely. Don’t be afraid to analyze the music you listen to and score read to discover the composer’s intention in their arrangement.

Ear Training

Ear training is essential for any musician, especially composers. Practice singing and playing different intervals, chords, and melodies to train your ears for better musical understanding. Consistently engage in activities like transcribing melodies, identifying chord progressions, and sight-singing. These practices will help improve your aural skills over time.


Supposedly tuning music to 432 Hz, or the “miracle tone” will resonate with listeners better as it aligns with the vibrations of the earth and cosmos. There’s not much science out there to back this up, however it’s an intriguing concept. You should experiement with tuning even if just for fun, and see how your music sounds and feels when tuned to 432 Hz!

Formal Training

Formal training also plays a significant role in refining your skills. Enroll in music education programs, attend workshops, or take private lessons with experienced musicians. Along with practical musical knowledge, these educational avenues also teach essential theoretical concepts and provide valuable feedback on your work. Look into programs such as Berklee Online or Art of Composing, which provide resources and courses tailored to your needs.

Master Your Instruments And Chosen Software

Invest time in mastering your instruments and chosen software. Proficiency in your instruments allows you to express your musical ideas better, while knowing your software inside and out makes composing more efficient.

Collaborate With Other Musicians

Also, consider collaborating with other musicians and incorporating their feedback to improve your compositions. Writing music for real musicians to perform can provide insight into what works best for specific instruments and ensembles.

To keep track of your progress and for easy reference, use the following table:

Skill AreaPractice MethodsResources
ListeningExplore various genres, analyze music, score readMusic libraries, streaming platforms
Ear TrainingSinging, playing intervals/chords/melodies, transcribingEar training apps, YouTube lessons
Formal TrainingCourses, workshops, private lessonsBerklee Online, Art of Composing
Instrument/SoftwareRegular practice, experimenting with new techniquesOnline tutorials, in-person classes
It will take hard work and resilience to master these skills. But focusing on them will help take your compositions to the next level.

Refining your skills as a composer is an ongoing process. Stay patient, practice regularly, and don’t be afraid to explore new techniques and ideas. Dedication and a growth mindset will make you the composer you aspire to be.

Sharing Your Music

Sharing your compositions with others is essential to growing and being recognized in the music industry. There are various platforms where you can share your original music, get feedback, and even collaborate with other musicians.

When sharing your music, consider these tips for a successful experience:

Number one

Be open to feedback

Whether it’s a friend, fellow musician, or an online community, don’t be afraid to receive constructive criticism that will help you grow as a music writer.

Number two

Collaborate with others

Connecting with other musicians can lead to creative partnerships and help you learn from each other’s strengths.

Number three

Reach out to music supervisors

These professionals select and license music for film, TV, and advertising. Building relationships with them can help you get your original music placed in various projects.

Be patient and persistent. It will take time to gain recognition and establish yourself in the music industry. Stay focused on honing your craft and sharing your music.

Community and Support

Finding a sense of community and support is essential to help you grow. 

Music unites people and promotes diversity, fostering an environment that encourages creative thinking, discipline, leadership, and problem-solving. There are many opportunities for you to engage with others and build this sense of camaraderie.

Online communities

In today’s digital age, it’s incredibly easy to become involved in online communities centered around music creation. Platforms such as forums, social media groups, and even collaborative project websites bring like-minded individuals together, enabling you to share your ideas and gain feedback. These virtual spaces provide a fantastic opportunity for networking, learning, and growing as a composer.

Music schools

Enrolling in a music school can significantly enhance your skills and provide the necessary support from industry professionals.

Music schools impart essential knowledge regarding the art of composing music and enrich your experience through personal connections with teachers, mentors, and fellow students. Being immersed in a dedicated educational environment can facilitate productive collaboration and strengthen relationships with others who share your passion.

To make the most out of your time in these support systems, practice the following:

  • Be receptive to feedback: Open yourself up to constructive criticism as it helps you refine your skills and learn from the experiences of others.
  • Engage with others: Don’t hesitate to offer your insights and share your work. Communicating with fellow composers and enthusiasts can lead to exciting opportunities.
  • Challenge yourself: Participate in competitions, take on new projects, and work with different genres or styles. These experiences can expand your musical horizons.

Tools for Composing Music

You’ll need the right tools to bring your ideas to life.

Number one

Blank sheet music

Blank sheet music is great for jotting down your melodies and harmonies. You can find printable templates online or use software like MuseScore, which offers a free and easy-to-use platform for creating and editing sheet music on Windows, Mac, and Linux.

Number two

Digital Audio Workstation

digital audio workstation (DAW) like Apple Logic Pro is the most important tool for creating more professional arrangements. This popular software has a wide array of features, including pitch shifting, time-stretching, and much more, all within an interface suitable for beginners.

You should also set up a template in the DAW as this will speed up your workflow and get you the creative process faster.

Number three

Musical Instruments

As a composer, your choice of musical instruments greatly influences the sound and style of your compositions. Experimenting with different instruments can spark your creativity and provide a unique edge to your work.

Number four

Recording Studio

With your ideas in hand, a recording studio will help you transform your compositions into professional recordings. You should set up your own home studio featuring essential equipment, including a computer, a quality audio interface, studio monitors, a professional icrophone, and a MIDI controller.

With these resources, you’ll be well on your way to creating and composing amazing music. Keep exploring and experimenting, and let your creativity shine!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the essential building blocks of music composition?

Music composition relies on fundamental elements such as scales, chords, melody, and harmony. Understanding these components forms a solid foundation for crafting captivating and harmonious compositions.

How do I start composing my own music as a beginner?

 Begin with basic music theory—grasp scales, chords, and key signatures. Experiment with chord progressions (e.g., I-IV-V) and melodic phrases. Dive into simple exercises, gradually expanding to more complex compositions as you gain confidence in your creativity.

What role do harmonies play in enhancing a musical piece?

 Harmonies, created through chords, enrich compositions by supporting melodies and adding depth. Explore popular chord progressions (e.g., ii-V-I) to understand the balance between major and minor chords, influencing the emotional tone of your piece.

Can I compose music even if I’m not formally trained?

 Absolutely! While formal training is beneficial, the creative process welcomes all. Experiment with diverse styles, collaborate with other musicians and use online resources to refine your skills. Trust your instincts and let your unique voice shine through your compositions.

How can I find my starting point in music composition?

 Start by exploring rhythm, melody, and harmony. Experiment with different instruments or use your voice to create simple melodies. Engage in exercises like chord progressions, melodic phrases, and rhythmic patterns. Your starting point is wherever your creativity feels most at home.

What tools and resources are essential for a beginner composer?

Essential tools include blank sheet music for writing down ideas, a digital audio workstation (DAW) like Apple Logic Pro for professional arrangements, and a recording studio setup for transforming compositions into recordings. Experiment with different instruments to add unique flavors to your work, and actively participate in music communities for growth and collaboration.


Musical composition is a deeply rewarding process, allowing you to weave your melodic ideas into the universal language of music. As you craft your compositions, keep in mind that experimentation is key, and perfection takes time. 

Whether drawing inspiration from folk traditions, diving into contemporary compositions, or collaborating on independent films, each piece you create contributes to your musical evolution.

To evolve as a composer, embrace challenges, refine your skills, and seek inspiration across genres. Sharing your compositions is vital for growth—participate in online communities, engage with music schools, and collaborate with fellow musicians. 

With patience and persistence, your unique voice will find recognition, and each piece you compose becomes a stepping stone toward a fulfilling career.

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